The Hague International Court of Justice (ICC) handed over hundreds of hours of audio recordings from the Nuremberg trials to the Holocaust Memorial in Paris.
The initiative is part of an effort to make the crucial material available to the public. The recordings have been digitized and will be accessible both in the Paris Memorial and in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C.
A ceremony marking the official transfer took place at the ICC on Thursday. ICT judge Antonio Augusto Cancado Trindade presented a USB drive to the chairman of the Paris memorial Eric de Rothschild.
The term “Nuremberg trials” usually refers to two distinct groups of trials, the Major War Criminals Trial (1945-1956) conducted before the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal against 24 representatives of the Nazi regime, and the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials (1946–1949), which were held before US tribunals against 177 high ranking officials.
The Nuremberg International Military Tribunal was established in 1945 in the German city in order to prosecute those responsible for Nazi war crimes. The archives of the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal, which consist of film footage, written documents, metal disk recordings of the hearings and several exhibits, were entrusted to the ICJ in 1946.
“The Nuremberg trials were a historic first. They informed the world of what exactly happened in the Holocaust,” commented French Justice Minister Nicole Belloubet.
“In Nuremberg, for the first time in history, the Allied powers responded to barbarity with the law. They put justice above their differences. Nuremberg set the foundation for today’s international courts of justice,” she added.