An exhibition devoted to the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, in which Warsaw’s Jewish population rose up against the Nazis, opened in the government-run Centro Sefarad Israel institute.
The exhibition, titled, “Resettled. Fourteen Stories From the Warsaw Ghetto, was organised by the Polish Embassy in Madrid and marks the 80th anniversary of the ghetto rebellion.
It will be open until April 19.
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising broke out on April 19, 1943, in the final phase of the ghetto’s liquidation, launched by the Nazis a few months earlier. The insurgency, which lasted until May 16, was a symbolic act with slim to no chance of success. In an uneven, almost one-month-long struggle, the poorly-armed fighters of the Jewish Combat Organisation (ZOB) and the Jewish Military Union stood up to SS and Wehrmacht forces, the Security Police and their auxiliaries.
On May 8, 1943, the then commander of the uprising, Mordechaj Anielewicz, together with a group of ZOB soldiers, committed suicide in a bunker at 18 Mila Street. Just a handful of fighters managed to escape from the burning ghetto through the sewage system.