Belgian town square to remove references to Latvian Nazi collaborators

A Belgian town is removing from a local square most of its references to a group of Latvian SS soldiers, following allegations that the square honoured them.

Briviba Square in Zedelgem, a small town near Bruges, contained a statue of and a plaque about the “Latvian Beehive,” hundreds of Latvian prisoners of war who were interred briefly at a POW camp in the village following World War II. They were part of the 15th and 19th Waffen Grenadier Divisions, which were under the administration of the Nazis.

City council members in Zedelgem supported commemorating the soldiers held at the POW camp, giving the project the green light in 2018. It created controversy largely thanks to coverage by Lev Golnikin, a Jewish journalist and author who wrote about the subject in the Forward.

The square will get a new name and its plaque will be removed. But as of now the statue will remain. Annick Vermeulen, the mayor of Zedelgem, said any offense caused was unintentional.

Many Latvians admire the “Beehive” for their efforts in fighting Russia. Latvia’s capital Riga has its own Briviba Square, and veterans of the local former SS units hold annuals marches through the city. Protests against the march also occur annually by locals who view it as a glorification of war criminals.


Subscribe to the EJC newsletter

Get the EJC newsletter, including the latest statements and news from the European Jewish communities, direct to your inbox.

European Jewish Congress will use the information you provide on this form to contact you. We will treat your information with respect and will not share it with others. By clicking Subscribe, you agree that we may process your information in accordance with these terms.

browse by community