Austria dissolved a fund set up in 2001 to compensate victims of Nazism, saying it had “fully completed its tasks”.
“The dissolution of the General Settlement Fund for Victims of National Socialism […] marks the completion of one of Austria’s largest-scale projects to provide restitution and compensation for Nazi-seized assets,” it said.
More than 30,000 cases filed by people persecuted by the Nazis or their descendants have been heard.
“The General Settlement Fund made [payments] of €204 million in total. Around 25,000 beneficiaries received a payment from the General Settlement Fund,” the statement said.
The fund was set up to study requests for the return of property acquired legally after the war by local authorities or the Austrian state following the Nazis’ plundering from Jewish people during the country’s annexation to the Third Reich.
More than 2,300 applications were submitted and 140 met the criteria.
Austria, which became a prosperous country in the years following World War II, took the historic decision to set up a fund to compensate victims of Nazism after decades of denial.
It has been the subject of legal action by survivors and their descendants in the United States, who accused individuals and communities of taking advantage of the plundering to get rich with impunity.
In 2001, an agreement was reached between the United States and Austria in Washington, marking a historic turning point.